Alsace-Lorraine


Alsace-Lorraine
   The area of Alsace-Lorraine (German, Elsass-Lothringen) makes up the historic frontier area of northeastern France, separated from Germany in the east by the Rhine River and drained by the Moselle River. The vosges Mountains are in the east. Alsace-Lorraine consists of three departments: Bas-Rhin and Haut Rhin in the administrative region of Alsace, and Moselle, part of the region of Lorraine. The main cities are Strasbourg, Mulhouse, and Metz.
   Historically, the region has been the object of disputes between French and Germanic rulers since the breakup of Charlemagne's empire in the ninth century. The term "Alsace-Lorraine" was first used in 1871 when, under the terms of the Peace Treaty of Frankfurt, concluding the franco-prussian war, the former provinces of Alsace and Lorraine, French since the mid-17th century, were annexed by Germany. Returned to France in 1919, they were again annexed and occupied by Germany from 1940 to 1945.
   French is now the dominant language in both areas, but Alsatian, a German dialect, is also spoken. The whole region has a culture that reflects both French and German elements. The area produces textiles and chemicals and, in agriculture, important crops including grain, grapes, and tobacco.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Alsace Lorraine — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Alsace (homonymie). Drapeau de l Alsace Lorraine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alsace-Lorraine — ( de. Reichsland Elsaß Lothringen, generally Elsass Lothringen ) was a territorial entity created by the German Empire in 1871 after the annexation of most of Alsace and parts of Lorraine in the Franco Prussian War. The Alsatian part lay in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Alsace-Lorraine — • The German Imperial Territory so known, and divided for State purposes into three civil districts Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Alsace Lorraine     Alsace Lorraine    …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alsace-Lorraine — Alsace Lorrainer, n. /al sas law rayn , loh , says /; Fr. /annl zas law rdden /, n. a region in NE France, including the former provinces of Alsace and Lorraine: part of Germany 1871 1919, 1940 45. 3,976,276; 5607 sq. mi. (14,522 sq. km). * * *… …   Universalium

  • Alsace-Lorraine — [al sāslô rān′; ] Fr [, al sāslō̂ ren′] region in NE France consisting of the former provinces of Alsace and Lorraine: under German control, 1871 1919 and 1940 44: restored to France, 1945 …   English World dictionary

  • Alsace-Lorraine — ensemble de ces deux prov. franç., annexées par l Allemagne de 1871 à 1918 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alsace-Lorraine — 48° 40′ N 7° 00′ E / 48.67, 7 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alsace-Lorraine P 1 — The Imperial German railways ( Reichseisenbahnen ) allocated various steam locomotives in Alsace Lorraine to the P 1 class of engines as follows:;Classification system from 1906/1912 *Alsace Lorraine B 1 *Alsace Lorraine B 2 *Alsace Lorraine B 3… …   Wikipedia

  • Alsace-Lorraine B 1 — Infobox German Railway Vehicle Baureihe= Alsace Lorraine B 1 Farbe1= FF0000 Farbe2= FFFFFF Abbildung= Name= Nummerierung= Nr. 30–41 Nr. 501–512 (from 1906) Nos. 101–102 (from 1912) Hersteller= Strousberg Baujahre= 1870 Ausmusterung= Anzahl= 12… …   Wikipedia

  • Alsace-Lorraine G 8.1 — Infobox German Railway Vehicle Farbe1=FF0000 Farbe2=FFFFFF Baureihe= Alsace Lorraine G 8.1 DRG Class 55.25–56 SNCF Class 040 D Abbildung= Name= Nummerierung=DRG 55 2946, 3338 3340, 4275 4279, 4285 and 5665 Hersteller=Grafenstaden, Henschel… …   Wikipedia


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